What is justify-content in Flexbox

Oct 25, 2017
2 Min

In my last post, I discussed about flexbox-wrap and order. Today, I will be talking about the role of justify-content in Flexbox.

I will be using below code sample to explain justify-content. I have 6 divs (flex-items) inside a container div (flex-container).

<div class="container">
    <div class="box box1">1</div>
    <div class="box box2">2</div>
    <div class="box box3">3</div>
    <div class="box box4">4</div>
    <div class="box box5">5</div>
    <div class="box box6">6</div>
.box {
  color: white;
  font-size: 100px;
  text-align: center;
  text-shadow: 4px 4px 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1);
  padding: 10px;

/* Colours for each box */
.box1 {
  background: #1abc9c;
.box2 {
  background: #3498db;
.box3 {
  background: #9b59b6;
.box4 {
  background: #34495e;
.box5 {
  background: #f1c40f;
.box6 {
  background: #e67e22;

.container {
  display: flex;
  border: 10px solid #000000;

The above code produces following output:

justify content
Output for starter code

justify-content defines the alignment of flex-items along the main-axis in a flex-container. It also helps distribute extra free space left over when either all the flex items on a line are inflexible, or are flexible but have reached their maximum size.

The default value for justify-content is flex-start which aligns the flex-items towards the start of the main axis. If we change the value of justify-content to flex-end then it will align flex-items towards the end of the main axis as seen below:

justify content flex end
justify-content: flex-end

Changing flex-items to center will align all the flex-items to the center of the main axis (see, how easy it is to center in Flexbox) as seen below:

justify content center
justify-content: center

To distribute the extra space among all the flex-items we can set justify-content to space-between. The first item is on the start of the main axis while the last item is on the end of the main axis as seen below:

justify content space between
justify-content: space-between

We can see that first and last flex-items don't have the margin on the left and right side respectively. We can fix this by changing justify-content to space-around.

justify content space around
justify-content: space-around

Still, the first and last flex items have only one unit margin on their respective left and right side while other flex-items have 2 units margin. To fix this we can set justify-content to space-evenly. Now, the spacing between any two items (and the space to the edges) is equal as seen below:

justify content space evenly
justify-content: space-evenly

This is all about justify-content in Flexbox. I am learning Flexbox from Wes Bos's course What The Flex Box . It is a great free course.